Last time we examined how torque and force are created upon the driving gear within a simple gear train. Today we’ll see how they affect the driven gear. Looking at the gear train illustration above, we see that each gear has both distance and force vectors. We’ll call the driving gear Distance vector, D. Each of these Distance vectors extend from pivot points located at the centers of their respective gear shafts. From there they extend in opposite directions until they meet at the line of action, the imaginary line which represents the geometric path along which Force vectors _{2}F and _{1}F are aligned._{2} As we learned last time, the Force vector, F follows a path along the line of action until it meets with the driven gear teeth, where it then exerts its pushing force upon them. It’s met by Force vector _{1}F, a resisting force, which extends along the same line of action, but in a direction opposite to that of _{2}F. These two Force vectors butt heads, pushing back against one another._{1} F must be greater than _{1}F, in other words, it must be great enough to overcome the resistance presented by _{2}F._{2} With the two Force vectors pushing against each other along the line of action, the angle D, is the same as the angle _{2}ϴ between F. Next time we’ll use the angular relationship between these four vectors to develop torque calculations for both gears in the gear train._{1} and D_{1}_______________________________________ |

## Posts Tagged ‘electric motor’

### Distance and Force Vectors of a Simple Gear Train

Monday, May 5th, 2014### Gear Reduction Worked Backwards

Sunday, March 9th, 2014
Last time we saw how a gear reduction does as its name implies, reduces the speed of the driven gear with respect to the driving gear within a gear train. Today we’ll see how to work the problem in reverse, so to speak, by determining how many teeth a driven gear must have within a given gear train to operate at a particular desired revolutions per minute (RPM). For our example we’ll use a gear train whose driving gear has 18 teeth. It’s mounted on an alternating current (AC) motor turning at 3600 (RPM). The equipment it’s attached to requires a speed of 1800 RPM to operate correctly. What number of teeth must the driven gear have in order to pull this off? If you’ve identified this to be a word problem, you’re correct. Let’s first review the gear ratio formulas introduced in my previous two articles:
n (1)_{Driven }
N (2)_{Driving }Our word problem provides us with enough information so that we’re able to use Formula (1) to calculate the gear ratio required:
n3600 RPM ÷ 1800 RPM = 2_{Driven} = This equation tells us that to reduce the speed of the 3600 RPM motor to the required 1800 RPM, we need a gear train with a gear ratio of 2:1. Stated another way, for every two revolutions of the driving gear, we must have one revolution of the driven gear. Now that we know the required gear ratio,
N_{Driving}2 =
The driven gear requires 36 teeth to allow the gear train to operate equipment properly, that is to say, enable the gear train it’s attached to provide a speed reduction of 1800 RPM, down from the 3600 RPM that is being put out from the driving gear. But gear ratio isn’t just about changing speeds of the driven gear relative to the driving gear. Next time we’ll see how it works together with the concept of
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### Spur Gear Tooth Geometry and the Involute Curve

Sunday, January 19th, 2014
Last time we learned how spur gears mesh together to form a gear train and we examined a train consisting of just two gears, one being the driving gear, the other the driven gear. Today we’ll take a look at the geometry behind the smooth functioning of modern spur gear teeth when we identify their peculiar shape to be that of an The curved profile of spur gear teeth conforms to a type of mathematical curve found in geometry known as an The mathematical notion of the involute was first presented in 1673 by Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens, in his book, To see how an involute curve is formed, we’ll conduct a simple experiment. One end of string is attached with a tack to a circular object, like the yellow rod shown in the following illustration. The other end of string has a red ball attached to it.
If we grab the ball and pull the string taught while wrapping the string around the rod, the ball’s path will form an involute curve due to the incremental shortening of the string that occurs as it wraps around the rod. Next time we’ll see how the involute _______________________________________ |

### Gear Trains

Monday, January 13th, 2014
Last time we covered the basic terminology of
A gear train is formed when the teeth of two or more gears mesh and work together for the purpose of powering a mechanical device. A gear train can consist of as little as two gears, but trains can be so large as to contain dozens of gears, depending on the complexity of the device they are powering. But no matter how many gears are employed, there are certain key features that are shared by every gear train assembly. First, one gear within the train must be attached to a shaft rotated by a source of mechanical energy, such as an engine or electric motor. This gear is called the The second requirement of a gear train is that at least one gear other than the driving gear is mounted to the shaft of a rotating machine part. This gear is called the
The illustration above shows an exploded view of a locomotive gear train assembly consisting of two gears. The driving gear is mounted to the shaft of an electric traction motor. The driven gear is mounted to the locomotive’s axle. When a motor is attached to the axle, the two gears mesh together. The traction motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy, which is supplied to the driving gear via the spinning motor’s shaft. The teeth of the driving gear then transmit the motor’s mechanical energy to the teeth of the driven gear, which then turn the locomotive’s wheels. It’s just one of countless operations that can be performed with gear train assemblies. Next time we’ll examine the geometry behind modern spur gear tooth design. _______________________________________ |